Interactive
Internetbased cattle feeding assistance material
Descriptions
and Calculations  CalfWEB
Breakeven
Calculations
Input
Your zip code the Zip code for your home mailing address
Description (name, city)  provide a description, preferably your
name and city. This cell is not archived for later use please use a description
that is meaningful to you.
Cattle type (calves, yearlings, etc)  provide a description of the
type of cattle to be fed, e.g. angus steer calves, crossbred yearlings
Sex  provide the sex of the group to be fed. For example: bulls,
steers, cows, heifers, mixed
Purchase date (month/day/year)  input the date as month/day/year
(1/1/2001) for the date cattle are purchased
Head count  the number of cattle purchased
Average inweight (lb)  the average weight of cattle purchased,
usually a shrunk weight
Purchase cost per pound ($/lb)  the average purchased price for
cattle delivered including cattle cost, trucking, commissions, fees, etc.
Projected sale weight (lb)  the average weight of cattle at selling,
usually a shrunk weight. Both inweight and sale weight should be shrunk
weights
Projected average daily gain (lb)  the project rate of average
daily gain during the feeding period.
Ration cost per ton, as fed ($/lb)  the projected average price
per ton of a completely balanced mixed feed as delivered to the feedbunk.
This would include a feed markup for yardage if yardage is not a separately
calculated.
Feed conversion, as fed (lb)  the amount of fed (as fed basis
or as delivered to the feedbunk) required to sustain one pound gain in
shrunk body weight.
Daily yardage cost per head ($/head)  the cost of housing an
animal in the feedlot for one day. This should include electricity, water,
depreciation on pens and buildings and other costs required to hold the
animal. This value may be zero if yardage is included in feed markup.
Percent death loss  the percentage of animals expected to die
during the feeding period.
Vet and Medicine expenses ($/head)  the cost per head for veterinary
services and medications including dewormers, implants, vaccines, antibiotics,
etc.
Marketing expenses  all costs
for marketing including commission fees, weighing fees, brand inspection,
beef commission fees, etc.
Marketing expenses per head = marketing expenses per head
* (100  Percent death loss) / 100
Marketing expenses per pen = marketing expenses per head * (number
of head * (100  Percent death loss) /100
Trucking cost  amount of freight, shipping, or trucking expenses
incurred during or after the feeding period.
Trucking cost per head = trucking expenses per head * (100  Percent
death loss) / 100
Trucking cost per pen = trucking expenses per head * (number of
head * (100  Percent death loss) / 100)
Miscellaneous expenses ($/head)  cost per head for other expenses
incurred from feeding and marketing and includes labor and management
costs.
Price protection
cost ($/head)  cost per head for price protection for cattle and
feeds including hedging and options cost.
Interest rate (%)  Interest rate for cattle and feeds. Cattle
will incur interest cost during the feeding period minus the cash equity
per head. Feeds and variable costs (except marketing and trucking) will
incur interest for one half of the average cost during the feeding period.
Cash equity per head ($/head)  the amount of equity per head
required for feeding
Output
Per head / Per Pen
Projected sale date  the date cattle are expected to be sold.
Projected sale date per head =
purchase date +((projected sale weight average in weight )/ projected
average daily gain)
Projected sale date per pen = purchase date +((projected
sale weight average in weight)/ projected average daily gain)
Total pounds gained  Total weight gain during the feeding period.
Total pounds gained per head =
(projected sale weight  average in weight) * [(projected sale weight
 begining weight) * (100  percent death loss) / 100]
Total pounds gained per pen= head count * (projected sale weight
 average in weight) * [(projected sale weight  begining weight) * (100
 percent death loss) / 100]
Days on feed  the average number of days the pen was fed
Days on feed per head = (individual
projected sale weight average in weight)/ projected average daily gain
Days on feed for pen = (projected sale weight average in weight)/
projected average daily gain
Cattle cost ($)  the total cost for cattle placed in the feedlot
including purchase price, commission charges, freight and other predelivery
charges
Cattle cost per head = purchase cost per pound * average inweight
Cattle cost per pen = purchase
cost per pound * average inweight * head count
Feed cost  cost for feed during the feeding period
feed cost per head = ((ration cost
per ton / 2000) * feed conversion) / total pounds gained
feed cost per pen = ((ration cost per ton / 2000) * feed conversion)
/ total pounds gained * head count
Yardage cost  cost for yardage during the feeding period
Yardage cost per head = daily yardage cost * days on feed
Yardage cost per pen = daily yardage cost * days on feed * head
count
Vet cost  cost for veterinary and medicine during the feeding
period
Vet cost per head = vet and medicine
expenses
Vet cost per pen = vet and medicine expenses * head count
Miscellaneous costs  cost per head for other expenses incurred
Miscellaneous costs = miscellaneous expenses
Miscellaneous costs = miscellaneous expenses * head count
Interest cost  amount of interest incurred for the cost of cattle
(minus cash equity) and onehalf of the feed cost
Interest cost per head = ((cattle cost per head  cash equity per
head) * interest rate / 365 * days on feed) + [(feed cost per head +
yardage cost per head + vet cost per head + miscellaneous cost per head
+ price protection cost per head) * (0.5) * interest rate / 365 * days
on feed]
Interest cost per pen = [(cattle cost per head  cash equity per
head) * interest rate / 365 * days on feed] + [(feed cost per head +
yardage cost per head + vet cost per head + miscellaneous cost per head
+ price protection cost per head) * (0.5) * interest rate / 365 * days
on feed * head count]
Price protection cost  cost for price protection
Price protection cost per head=
Price protection
Price protection cost per pen = Price protection * head count
Death loss cost  cost for estimated death loss
Death loss cost per head = death
loss/100 * (cattle cost per head + [[feed cost per head + yardage cost
per head + Vet Cost per head + Miscellaneous cost per head + Interest
cost per head +Price protection cost per head)] /2]
Death loss cost per pen = death loss * (cattle cost per head +
feed cost per head + yardage cost per head + Vet cost per head + Miscellaneous
cost per head + Interest cost per head + Price protection cost per head)
* head count
Total feed & variable costs  combined costs for feed, yardage,
vet, marketing, trucking, price protection, miscellaneous and interest
on onehalf of feed and variable costs not including marketing or trucking
during the feeding period. Not included are the cost of animal, interest
on cattle, and death loss cost.
Total feed & variable cost per head = feed cost per head +
yardage cost per head + vet cost per head + marketing cost per head +
trucking cost per head + miscellaneous cost per head + Price protection
cost per head + [(feed cost per head + yardage cost per head + vet cost
per head + miscellaneous cost per head + price protection cost per head)
* interest Rate / 100 / 365 * Days on feed * 0.5]
Total feed & variable cost per pen = feed cost per pen + yardage
cost per pen + vet cost per pen + marketing cost per pen + trucking cost
per pen + Miscellaneous cost per pen + Price protection cost per pen +
[(feed cost per head + yardage cost per head + vet cost per head + miscellaneous
cost per head + price protection cost per head) * interest Rate / 100
/ 365 * Days on feed * 0.5 * number of head purchased]
Total costs
= total combined costs during the feeding period including cost of animal,
animal interest, death loss and feed and Variable costs and interest on
cash equity per head
Total cost per head = = cattle cost per head + total feed and variable
cost per head + death loss cost per head + [(cattle cost per head  cash
equity per head) * interest rate / 365 / 100 * days on feed + (equity
* interest rate / 365 / 100 * days on feed)]
Total cost per pen = [cattle cost per head+ total feed and variable
cost per head + death loss cost per head + ((cattle cost per head  cash
equity per head) * interest rate / 365 / 100 * days on feed) + (equity
* interest rate / 365 / 100 * days on feed)] * number of head purchased
Cattle cost per pound ($/lb) cost per pound of delivered feeder
cattle
Cattle cost per pound = purchase price
per pound
Feed cost per gain ($/lb)  cost for feed during the feeding
period
Feeding cost = feeding cost per head / (total pounds gained per head)
Feed and yardage cost per gain = [feed cost per head * yardage
cost per head] / (total pounds gained per head)
Total cost of gain ($/lb)  total costs incurred to add a pound
of gain
Total cost of gain = [Total cost per head  cattle cost per head death
loss cost per head (cash equity per head* percent interest rate / 100
/ 365 * days on feed) + (cattle cost * percent death loss / 100)] / total
pounds gained per head
Breakeven ($/lb)  the total cost to produce a fed calf including
purchased calf price
Breakeven = [(cattle cost per head + total cost per head+ (cash equity
per head * interest rate * days on feed / 365)]) / projected sale weight
Marketing Alternatives
1 2 3
Projected selling
price  estimated selling price per pound for shrunk cattle; go to Chicago
Mercantile Exchange for estimating future prices
Projected Selling Price  selling price, $ per pound listed under
Marketing Alternative
Gross Sales  total sales of cattle
Gross Sales Alternative 1  projected selling price (Alternative
1) ($/lb) * Projected sales weight * number of head purchased * (100 
percent death loss) / 100
Gross Sales Alternative 2  projected selling price (Alternative
1) ($/lb) * Projected sales weight * number of head purchased * (100 
percent death loss) / 100
Gross Sales Alternative 3  projected selling price (Alternative
1) ($/lb) * Projected sales weight * number of head purchased * (100 
percent death loss) / 100
Profit or loss per head  profit or loss per head for feeding
calves with price and conditions projected.
profit or loss per head = { [ (projected selling price per pound * projected
sale weight) * head count]  [(total costs per pen + (cash equity per
head* interest rate * days on feed / 365 * number of head purchased) ]
} / number of head purchased
Profit or loss per pen  profit or loss per pen for feeding calves
with prices and conditions projected
profit or loss per pen = [(projected selling price per pound * projected
sale weight) * head count]  [(total costs per pen + (cash equity per
head* interest rate * days on feed / 365 * number of head purchased)]
Annualized return on equity (%)  percentage return (profit or
loss) on cash equity
Annualized return on equity (%) = [profit
or loss per head + (cash equity per head* interest rate * days on feed
/ 365 / 100) ] / cash equity per head / days on feed * 365
Closeout
Calculations
Input
Your zip code the Zip code for your home mailing address
Description (name, city)  provide a description, preferably your
name and city. This cell is not archived for later use please use a description
that is meaningful to you.
Cattle type (calves, yearlings, etc)  provide a description of
the type of cattle to be fed, e.g. angus steer calves, crossbred yearlings
Sex  provide the sex of the group to be fed. For example: bulls,
steers, cows, heifers, mixed
Purchase date (month/day/year)  input the date as month/day/year
(1/1/2001) for the date cattle are purchased
Number of head purchased the total number of cattle purchased
Average inweight (lb)  the average weight of cattle purchased,
usually a shrunk weight. Both inweight and sale weight should be shrunk
weights.
Purchase cost per pound ($/lb)  the average purchased price for
cattle delivered including cattle cost, trucking, commissions, fees, etc.
Sale date  average sale date for cattle as month/day/year (1/1/2001)
Number of head sold  the total number of cattle sold
Average sale weight (lb live)  the average weight of cattle at
selling, usually a shrunk weight. Both inweight and sale weight should
be shrunk weights
Average sale price ($/lb live)  the average sale price per pound
of live weight for cattle
Total ration cost for pen($)  total cost of rations or feeds
fed during the feeding period
Total pounds of feed fed for pen (lb)  total weight of rations
or feeds delivered to the cattle on an as fed basis
Dry matter content of ration (%)  the percentage of moisture
free feed in the rations as delivered to the feedbunk
Yardage
expenses per pen ($/pen)  the cost of housing the pen of cattle
in the feedlot. This should include electricity, water, depreciation
on pens and buildings and other costs required to hold the animal. This
value may be zero if yardage is included in feed markup.
Percent death loss  the percentage of animals expected to die
during the feeding period.
Vet and Medicine expenses ($/pen)  the cost per pen for veterinary
services and medications including dewormers, implants, vaccines, antibiotics,
etc.
Marketing expenses (Beef Checkoff,
brand) ($/pen)  the cost per
pen for marketing including commission fees, weighing fees, brand inspection,
beef commission fees, etc.
Trucking expenses ($/pen)  cost per pen for trucking or freight.
Usually only includes freight on outgoing animals. Freight on incoming
animals should be applied to purchase price of incoming animals.
Miscellaneous expenses ($/pen)  cost per pen for other expenses
incurred from feeding and marketing.
Price protection expense ($/pen)  cost per pen for price protection
for cattle and feeds including hedging and options cost.
Interest
rate (%  Interest rate for cattle and feeds. Cattle will incur
interest cost during the feeding period minus the cash equity per head.
Feeds will incur interest for one half of the average feed cost during
the feeding period.
Cash equity per head ($/head)  the amount of equity per head
required for feeding
Output
Average daily gain (lb)  the overall average daily gain for cattle
fed. Should be a shrunk weight in and shrunk weight when sold
Average daily gain (lb) = (average sale
weight, pounds  average purchase weight, pounds) / days on feed
Feed conversion, as fed (lb)  the amount (pounds) of ration or
feed required to attain one pound of body weight
Feed conversion (lb) = total pounds of
feed fed / total pounds gained
Feed conversion, dry matter basis (lb)  the amount (pounds) of
dry matter required to attain one pound of body weight
Feed conversion (lb) = total pounds of feed fed / total pounds gained
* dry matter content of ration (%) *100
Death loss (%)  the percent of animals in the pen that died during
the feeding period
Death loss (%) = (number of head purchased
 number of head sold) / number of head purchased
Days on feed  the average number of days the pen was fed
Days on feed = sale date  purchase date
Breakeven ($/lb)  the total cost to produce a fed calf including
purchased calf price
Breakeven = [(number of head purchased + average in weight + purchase
cost per pound) + (total ration cost per pen + yardage expense per pen
+ vet and medicine expenses per pen + marketing expenses per pen + trucking
expenses per pen + miscellaneous expenses per pen + protection cost per
pen) + ((((number of head purchased + average in weight + purchase cost
per pound)  (number of head purchased * cash equity per head)) * (percent
interest rate / 100 /365 * days on feed) + (total ration cost per pen
+ yardage expense per pen + vet and medicine expenses per pen + miscellaneous
expenses per pen + protection cost per pen)* (percent interest rate /
100 /365 * days on feed * 0.5)))] / (number of head sold * average sale
weight)
Total pounds gained  Total weight gain during the feeding period.
Total pounds gained per head =
[(average sale weight * number of head sold)  (average in weight * number
of head purchased)] / number of head sold
Total pounds gained per pen = (average sale weight * number of
head sold)  (average in weight * number of head purchased)
Cattle cost ($)  the total cost for cattle placed in the feedlot
including purchase price, commission charges, freight and other predelivery
charges
Cattle cost per pound of gain,
$ =[(number of head purchased * average inweight * purchase cost per
pound)  (number of head sold * average in weight * average sale price
per pound)] / total pounds gained per pen
Cattle cost per head, $ = (number of head purchased * average
inweight * purchase cost per pound) number of head sold
Cattle cost per pen, $ = number
of head purchased * average inweight * purchase cost per pound
Feed cost  cost for feed during the feeding period
Feed cost per pound of gain, $
= total ration cost per pen / total pounds gained
Feed cost per head, $ = total ration cost per pen / number
of head sold
Feed cost per pen, $ = total ration
cost per pen
Yardage cost  total cost for yardage during the feeding period
Yardage cost per pound of gain
= yardage expense per pen / total pounds gained
Yardage cost per head = yardage expense per pen / number of head
sold
Yardage cost per pen = yardage expense per pen
Feed and yardage
cost  combined cost for feed and yardage
Feed and Yardage cost per pound of gain = Feed and yardage expense
per pen / total pounds gained
Feed and Yardage cost per head = Feed and yardage expense per pen
/ number of head sold
Feed and Yardage cost per pen = feed expense per pen + yardage
expense per pen
Vet costs  costs for veterinary and medicine during the feeding
period
Vet costs per pound of gain = vet
and medicine expenses per pen / total pounds gained
Vet costs per head = vet and medicine expenses per pen /
number of head sold
Vet costs per pen, = vet and medicine expenses per pen
Marketing
 cost marketing for during the feeding period
Marketing costs
per pound of gain = marketing expenses per pen / total pounds gained
Marketing costs
per head = marketing expenses per pen / number of head sold
Marketing costs
per pen = marketing expenses per pen
Trucking
 cost trucking for during the feeding period
Trucking costs
per pound of gain = trucking expenses per pen / total pounds gained
Trucking costs
per head = trucking expenses per pen / number of head sold
Trucking costs
per pen = trucking expenses per pen
Miscellaneous costs  costs for other expenses incurred
Miscellaneous costs per pound of gain
= miscellaneous expenses per pen / total pounds gained
Miscellaneous costs per head = miscellaneous expenses per
pen / number of head sold
Miscellaneous costs per pen = miscellaneous
expenses per pen
Interest cost  amount of interest incurred for the cost of cattle
(minus cash equity) and onehalf of the feed cost
Interest cost per pound of gain, =Interest cost per pen / total
pounds gained
Interest cost per head = Interest cost per pen / number of head
sold
Interest cost per pen = [((number of head purchased * average in
weight * purchased price per pound)  (number of head purchased *cash
equity per head)) * percent interest rate / 100 / 365 * days on feed)]
+ [(feed cost per pen + yardage cost per pen + vet cost per pen + miscellaneous
cost per pen + price protection cost per pen) * percent interest rate
/ 100 / 365 * days on feed * 0.5]
Price protection cost  cost for price protection using the futures
market or other means of forward price protection
Price protection cost per pound of gain = Price protection expense
per pen / total pounds gained
Price protection cost per head
= Price protection expense per pen / number of head sold
Price protection cost per pen = Price protection expense
per pen
Total feed & variable costs  combined costs during the feeding
period not including cost of animal
Total noncattle cost per pound of gain = (feed cost per pound
of gain + yardage cost per pound of gain + vet cost per pound of gain
+ marketing cost per pound of gain + trucking cost per pound of gain +
miscellaneous cost per pound of gain + Interest cost per pound of gain
+ Price protection cost per pound of gain) / total pounds gained
Total noncattle cost per head = total feed and variable cost per
pen / number of head sold
Total noncattle cost per pen =feed cost per pen + yardage cost
per pen + vet cost per head + marketing cost per pen + trucking cost per
pen + Miscellaneous cost per pen + (Interest cost per pen  ((number of
head purchased * average in weight * purchased price per pound)  (number
of head purchased *cash equity per head) * percent interest rate / 100
/ 365 * days on feed) + Price protection cost per head
Total costs  combined including cattle costs during the feeding
period not including interest on equity
Total cost per pound of gain = cattle cost per pound of gain +
feed cost per pound of gain + yardage cost per pound of gain + vet cost
per pound of gain + marketing cost per pound of gain + trucking cost per
pound of gain +miscellaneous cost per pound of gain + interest cost per
pound of gain + price protection cost per pound of gain + (cash equity
per head * number of head purchased* percent interest rate / 100 / 365
* days on feed / total pounds of gain per pen)
Total cost per head =(cattle cost per head + feed cost per head
+ yardage cost per head + vet cost per head + marketing cost per head
+ trucking cost per head + miscellaneous cost per head + interest cost
per head + price protection cost per head + (cash equity per head * number
of head purchased* percent interest rate / 100 / 365 * days on feed /
number of head purchased)
Total cost per pen = (cattle cost per pen + feed cost per pen +
yardage cost per pen + vet cost per pen + marketing cost per pen + trucking
cost per pen + miscellaneous cost per pen + interest cost per pen + price
protection cost per pen + (cash equity per head * number of head purchased*
percent interest rate / 100 / 365 * days on feed )
Gross
Sales 
total sales of cattle
Gross sales
per pound of gain = Gross sales per pen / (number of head sold
* average selling price)
Gross sales
per head = Gross sales per pen / number of head sold
Gross sales
per pen = number of head sold * average sale weight * average selling
price
Profit or loss per head  profit or loss per head for feeding
calves
Profit or loss per pound of gain
= gross sales or loss per pound of gain  total cost per pound of gain
Profit or loss per head = gross sales or loss per head total cost
per head
Profit or loss per pen =gross sales or loss per pen total cost
per pen
Annualized return on equity (%)  percentage return (profit or
loss) on cash equity
Annualized return on equity (%) = (profit
or loss per head +(cash equity per head * percent interest rate / 100
/ 365 * days on feed)) / cash equity per head / days on feed * 365 * 100
